Belle villemeaning "Beautiful city" is a city in St.
Clair County, Illinoiscoterminous with the now defunct Belleville Township. It is the eighth-most populated city in the state outside the Chicago Metropolitan Areaand the most-populated city in the state south of Springfield.
It is the county seat of St. Belleville is the most-populated city in the Metro-East region of the St. Louis Metropolitan Area Belleville il to chicago il in Southern Illinois. Due to its proximity to Scott Air Force Basethe population receives a boost from military and federal civilian personnel, defense contractors, and military retirees. George Blair named the city of Belleville in The latter had been established by French colonists as a mission village in the late 17th century.
Belleville was incorporated as a village inand became a city in It is said that Blair named the city Belleville French for "beautiful city" because he believed that a Belleville il to chicago il name would attract new residents. Major immigration in the midth century to this area occurred following revolutions in Germany, and most of the European-American population is of German ancestry.
Many of the educated Germans fled their homeland after the failure of the German Revolution in Belleville was the center of the first important German settlement in Illinois. After the Civil War, Belleville became a manufacturing center producing nails, printing presses, gray iron castings, agricultural equipment, and stoves.
Belleville became known as "The Stove Capital of the World. InGustav Goelitz founded the candy company that is known today as " Jelly Belly. Bysome farmers had become coal miners.
One hundred shaft mines were in operation in and around Belleville. The coal brought the steam railroad to town, which allowed for the transport of many tons of coal to be shipped daily from Belleville to St. Louis on the west side of the Mississippi River, for use in its industries, homes and businesses.
Later, Belleville had the first electric trolley in the state.
The first style of houses in Belleville were simple brick cottages, known locally as "German street houses" or " row houses. The "Old Belleville Historic District," was defined and recognized in and is the city's first historic district.
Belleville's early German immigrants were educated, with most of them having graduated from German universities. After Gustav Koerner contributed to establish the city's public library. The German settlers also founded choral and dramatic groups, as well as literary societies. They established one of the first kindergartens in the country here.
According to the census, Belleville has a total area of The Belleville Philharmonic Society was formed inmaking it the second oldest philharmonic orchestra in the country. As of the census Belleville il to chicago il ofthere were 41, people, 17, households, and 10, families residing in the city. The population density was 2, There were 19, housing units at an average density of 1, The racial makeup of the city was Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.
There were 17, households out of which The average household size was 2.
In the city, the population was spread out with The median age was 37 Belleville il to chicago il. For every females, there were For every females age 18 and over, there were As of the Census, there were 44, people, 18, households, 11, families residing in the city.
The population density was. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2. There were 18, households out of which Belleville is also home to a relatively large grade school district. Belle Valley School District is also available for public school. Signal Hill School is the only school in district Parochial grade schools include St.
Augustine of Canterbury Church, St. The Belleville News-Democratis the city's daily newspaper. The city is also served by the St.